Saturday, May 23, 2020

Understanding The Communication Patterns, And Development...

On Friday September 23rd, 2016, I volunteered at East Lincoln Elementary School in Tullahoma, Tennessee. During that time, I assisted with office communication, cut math flashcards for tutorials, and organized the donations for the clothes closet for indigent students. In this paper, I will analyze the communication patterns, organizational patterns, and development of East Lincoln Elementary School. Communication Direction While volunteering at East Lincoln, I was able to observe the employees, their relationship with their coworkers, and with their bosses. When I was in the front office working with the office ladies, I noticed they displayed a great amount of horizontal communication. They enhanced their productivity by sharing information. It was clear to see that the ladies were all friends and got along well with each other. This helped their efficiency as well as making the day more enjoyable. Organizational Culture East Lincoln is the highest poverty-ridden elementary school in the area of Tullahoma, Tennessee. The teachers and staff at East Lincoln have caring hearts and are willing to go above the status quo in order to fulfill their students’ needs. On the East Lincoln Elementary School website, their Mission Statement is, â€Å"We are dedicated to providing a quality education in safe, welcoming environment that fosters creative and critical thinking in order to produce independent and productive citizens† (East Lincoln Elementary School). This Mission StatementShow MoreRelatedThe Arab American And Socioeconomic Success3138 Words   |  13 Pagesas an Arab-American in the United States has taught me to be more aware of the numerous diverse cultures that collectively make up this country. The foundation of communication between these cultures is simply cultural awareness. When one is aware of the differences of their neighbors it allows them to be more p erceptible to understanding them and those differences. Reaching my adolescent years I was presented with circumstances where many associated my culture with my religion, continually I clarifiedRead MoreRenato Constantino - the Miseducation of the Filipino8179 Words   |  33 Pagesof the Greater East Asia CoProsperity Sphere. Their minds would have been conditioned to suit the policies of the Japanese imperialists. The moulding of mens minds is the best means of conquest. Education, therefore, serves a a weapon in wars of colonial conquest. This singular fact was well appreciated by the American military commander in the Philippines during the Filipino-American War. According to the census of 1903: ....General Otis urged and furthered the reopening of schools, himself selectingRead MoreOne Significant Change That Has Occurred in the World Between 1900 and 2005. Explain the Impact This Change Has Made on Our Lives and Why It Is an Important Change.163893 Words   |  656 Pagespre vailing dynamics of the cold war. In addition to the problems posed for conceptualizing the twentieth century as a discrete era of world history due to overlap with the preceding period and disconcertingly radical shifts in the course of global development in the 1900s, contradictory forces and trends, which perhaps more than any other attribute distinguish this turbulent phase of the human experience, render it impervious to generalized pronouncements and difficult to conceptualize broadly. AsRead MoreLibrary Management204752 Words   |  820 PagesAutomation to Distributed Information Access Solutions Thomas R. Kochtanek and Joseph R. Matthews The Complete Guide to Acquisitions Management Frances C. Wilkinson and Linda K. Lewis Organization of Information, Second Edition Arlene G. Taylor The School Library Media Manager, Third Edition Blanche Woolls Basic Research Methods for Librarians Ronald R. Powell and Lynn Silipigni Connoway Library of Congress Subject Headings: Principles and Application, Fourth Edition Lois Mai Chan Developing LibraryRead MoreDeveloping Management Skills404131 Words   |  1617 PagesGaining Power and Influence 279 Motivating Others 323 Managing Conflict 373 PART III GROUP SKILLS 438 8 Empowering and Delegating 439 9 Building Effective Teams and Teamwork 489 10 Leading Positive Change 533 PART IV SPECIFIC COMMUNICATION SKILLS 590 591 Supplement A Making Oral and Written Presentations Supplement B Conducting Interviews 619 Supplement C Conducting Meetings 651 Appendix I Glossary 673 Appendix II References 683 Name Index 705 Subject Index 709 Combined IndexRead MoreFundamentals of Hrm263904 Words   |  1056 PagesL. Verhulst Des Moines Area Community College Ankeny, IA John Wiley Sons, Inc. Associate Publisher Executive Editor Senior Editoral Assistant Marketing Manager Marketing Assistant Production Manager Senior Production Editor Freelance Development Editor Senior Designer Interior Design Senior Media Editor Senior Photo Editor Production Management Cover Design Cover Credit George Hoffman Lise Johnson Sarah Vernon Amy Scholz Laura Finley Dorothy Sinclair Sandra Dumas Susan McLaughlin KevinRead MoreNational Security Outline Essay40741 Words   |  163 Pagesï » ¿TABLE OF CONTENTS FOR NSL READING CHAPTER 1: National Security Law and the Role of Tipson 1 CHAPTER 2: Theoretical approaches to national security world order 4 CHAPTER 3: Development of the International Law of Conflict Management 5 CHAPTER 4: The Use of Force in International Relations: Norms Concerning the Initiation of Coercion (JNM) 7 CHAPTER 5: Institutional Modes of Conflict Management 17 The United Nations System 17 Proposals for Strengthening Management Institutional ModesRead MoreContemporary Issues in Management Accounting211377 Words   |  846 PagesMichael Bromwich is an exemplar of all that is good about the British tradition of academic accounting. Serious in intent, he has striven both to illuminate practice and to provide ways of improving it. Although always appealing to his economic understandings, he has been open to a wide variety of other ideas, recognizing their intellectual strengths and capabilities rather than making artificial distinctions between what is acceptable and what is not. He also has contributed widely to the accountingRead MoreLogical Reasoning189930 Words   |  760 Pagesand the following reviewers: David Adams, California State Polytechnic University; Stanley Baronett, Jr., University of Nevada-Las Vegas; Shirley J. Bell, University of Arkansas at Monticello; Phyllis Berger, Diablo Valley College; Kevin Galvin, East Los Angeles College; Jacquelyn Ann Kegley, California State University-Bakersfield; Darryl Mehring, University of Colorado at Denver; Dean J. Nelson, Dutchess Community College; James E. Parejko, Chicago State University; Robert Sessions, KirkwoodRead MoreBrand Building Blocks96400 Words   |  386 Pagesand can be spread over hundreds of product classes and in part because of logistical advantages. The result is more price pressure. Sales promotion is both a driver and an indicator of the price focus. In the 1950s, about 10 percent of the communication mix was devoted to price promotions. Those were the days when distribution was simple, retailers were concerned with building new stores rather than squeezing margins, and markets were growing. Today, more than 75 percent of the advertising / promotion

Monday, May 18, 2020

Analysis of John Singletons Film Boyz N the Hood Essay

Analysis of John Singletons Film Boyz N the Hood The director and screenwriter of the Boyz N the Hood. John Daniel Singleton. The 34 year director, who was born January 6, 1968, in Los Angeles, CA. This black African-American director who won several awards as a screenwriting students at USC. Singletons assured a directorial debut, Boyz N the Hood. An urgent, powerful coming-of-age tale, the film found a spark of hope amid its bleak, violence-ridden south central Los Angeles setting and become one the top-grossing feature ever made by a black filmmaker, because singleton was the screenwriter this film really reflects his ideas and preoccupations. The story that singleton is get through to†¦show more content†¦Tre styles father Furious styles, which said to have grown up in this neighbourhood and, survived it, and understands it in two different ways: as a place where young men define their territory and support themselves by violence, and as a real estate market in transition- where, when prices and lives there find their bottom, investors will be able to buy cheap and then make money with gentrification (valuable city real estate.) Furious is not trying to escape the ghetto but he is trying to make it a better place. In the first twenty-five minutes of the film we see a scene were Furious shoots at a burglar in his houses this shows that Furious uses his weapon for self-defence only. The single-mother of the half-brothers, who live across from the street from Tre, is Reva (Tyra Ferrell) she is nothing like Tres mother, because she is not well educated and Brenda has a mater degree. Reva likes her son Ricky (Baha Jackson) more then she likes the other son doughboy (Donovan McCrary) she start talking nice to Tre after she found out he is Furious son, because she likes furious and show this by saying to Tre, why his dad doesnt come over to play cards and later on in the film she gives him food to take over to his Furious. One of Tre best friends is Ricky, the athlete one of the two brothers who live across the streetShow MoreRelatedThe Boyz N The Hood Based On Criminology Concept Of The General Strain Theory1622 Words   |  7 PagesIntroduction In this paper, I will analysis the film Boyz N the Hood based on and around the criminology concept of the General Strain Theory. The film Boyz N the Hood depicts a story about an African-American boy growing up in â€Å"the hood† of South Central LA. South Central is a place where on average 1 out of 21 African American men will be die as a result of â€Å"the streets†. African Americans within the African-American community are more susceptible to becoming a casualty to gang affiliation and

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Social Responsibility And The Nonprofit Sector - 1180 Words

Introduction This memo is to discuss commonalities and differences among two scholarly articles relating to the field of public relations, found in the Journal of Public Relations Society of America. The purpose is to inform those in the communication field, moreover; those with a concentration in public relations to the use of language, format, and target audience of presentation in current research studies. The following articles Corporate Social Responsibility and the Nonprofit Sector: Assessing the Thoughts and Practices Across Three Nonprofit Subsectors, written by Richard D. Waters, Ph.D. and Holly K. Ott, M.S. and Examining Modern Media Relations: An Exploratory Study of the Effect of Twitter on the Public Relations – Journalist Relationship by Drew Wilson, MA and Dustin W. Supa, Ph.D, showcase the current practice in presentation that will be beneficial in this field. Description of Texts 1. Corporate Social Responsibility and the Nonprofit Sector: Assessing the Thoughts and Practices Across Three Nonprofit Subsectors a. Language The choice of language presentation in this article stems from various use of citations of previous research work. The use of words are technical and present the knowledge of higher education. Sentence structure is relatively long in all paragraphs and does not follow a clear reasoning to support the topic at hand. At times the article follows a repetitive thought process; however, the information detailed under method and research findingsShow MoreRelatedEssay On Diversity In The Workplace842 Words   |  4 PagesWhats Happening in the Boardroom: Examining Diversity in the Boards of the Social Sector Introduction From Hollywood to the the social sector, diversity, rather the lack thereof, has been a topic of conversation. Although many organizations have begun to advocate for diversity, more work must be done. Across the social sector,women and people of color remain severely underrepresented in leadership positions. Organizations must become intentional about creating a diverse workforce and implementingRead MoreThe History of Nonprofit Organizations in America Essay1364 Words   |  6 PagesThe nonprofit sector in America is a reflection some of the foundational values that brought our nation into existence. Fundamentals, such as the idea that people can govern themselves and the belief that people should have the opportunity to make a difference by joining a like-minded group, have made America and its nonprofit sector what it is today. The American civil society is one that has been produced through generations of experiments with government policy, nonprofit organizations, privateRead MoreGood Of Great And The Social Sectors1568 Words   |  7 Pagesfor-profit and nonprofit sectors, would the results indicate knowledge and understanding of the differences amongst the sectors or would the results show a trend in people recognizing organizations by the services and products they administer, rather than the sector they belong to. With a multitude of organizations providing services to and for the people, how does an organization continue to flourish while a similar organization dissolves? In the book Good to Great and the Social Sectors, Jim CollinsRead MoreThe Board Of A Nonprofit Organization1562 Words   |  7 PagesThe board of a nonprofit organization plays a major role in the organizations processes and effects. Chris Morfas, the Board Chair of the nonprofit organization â€Å"California Bicycle Coalition† makes it clear that â€Å"it’s the board’s role to establish the long-term strategic direction of the organization: its mission, vis ion, values and goals† (Best Practices in Board-Staff Relationships). As a board, we are responsible for the direction, oversight and resources for the organization. The board steersRead MoreDifference Between Cognitive Knowledge And Behavioral Skills1686 Words   |  7 Pagesunderstand these concepts in their own lives, in order to have self-management, self-awareness, social awareness, and social skills. Without these skills it will be hard for a manager to motivate and trust his/her subordinates. 2. What criteria must an organization meet in order to receive tax-exempt status from the IRS? Describe how the IRS categorizes different types of organizations in the nonprofit sector. The first step in classifying an organization to receive tax exempt status is determiningRead MoreAn Example Of A Nonprofit Organization1471 Words   |  6 Pageshad on the recovery of New Orleans, this influenced me to become more involved in the nonprofit sector. Nonprofit organizations provide many services to meet a community’s needs. An example of a nonprofit organization can be hospitals, universities, social clubs, environmental groups and sports clubs. Communities depend on nonprofits to fill the gaps that may not be filled by the government. Because nonprofits are so vital to the world it is imperative that these organizations have proper staff toRead MoreThe Systemic Symptoms Of Poverty Americans Essay1533 Words   |  7 Pages whether it is interpersonal relations, professional interactions, or public displays of distress. Communities’ react to poverty by placing effort into various research and strategies methods that are sought to enhance social capital. This traditional colonial conception of social services is rooted in â€Å"Elizabethan era† values that compartmentalize welfare into the deserving and non-deserving poor. Coinciding with the evolving state of communities gave rise to the dominantly practiced model of â€Å"trickle-downRead MoreCase Women s Center : Implementation Of Financial Cutbacks1498 Words   |  6 Pageswomen with degrees in social work, counseling, and psychology. Research suggests that social work professionals are some of the best prepared to respond to the world’s social problems. Social workers are not easy to find in the mix of societal problem solving and for the Director of the women’s agency to have reduced the number of counseling professionals from nine to three was an error on her behalf. It would have been in the interest of the Director to support the social workers. The professionalsRead MoreIdentify The Difference Between The Third Sector And The Market Sector1396 Words   |  6 Pagesthe relationship between Fundraising and the Nonprofit board of directors that is particular to nonprofit organizations. Be Specific. 2. Identify the difference between the third sector and the market sector. Be clear specific. The market sector also known as the ‘private sector’ differs from the third sector because focuses on human need, it is not philanthropic, and is self interested, among other differences. VanWinkle, Diana. â€Å"Nonprofit Intro.† Kent State University. White Hall, KentRead MoreDifferent Types Of Nonprofit Organizations1733 Words   |  7 Pages Different Types of Nonprofits Most individuals automatically think of all nonprofits as the 501(c)(3) type of organizations which include churches and some of the larger charitable organizations like the Red Cross or Salvation Army. However, even within section 501(c)(3) of the tax code, there are five separate classifications of nonprofit organizations. These organizational classifications include charitable, religious, educational, scientific and literary, but a nonprofit organization may fall

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn By Mark Twain - 5133 Words

Developing the character of Huckleberry Finn, Mark Twain opened with a monologue by Huckleberry, â€Å"You do not know about me, without you have read a book by the name of â€Å"The Adventures of Tom Sawyer†, but that ain’t no matter...† (13). Immediately, through his cleverly written dialog, the reader gets a much better understanding of how Huckleberry thinks and acts through his cleverly written speech. I was quickly able, even without having read the prequel to the novel, to understand that Huckleberry was slightly uneducated and likely from the South based on his southern drawl. Additionally important aspects of other characters and plot were lined up for the reader to avoid confusion during this monologue and remainder of the chapter. As the plot begins to truly take hold, the reader meets Jim, one of the Widow’s slaves. Huck had a healthy respect and fear for Jim. The respectful view of the slave, however, wasn’t something that most people shared. For example Huck went to Jim for advice about his father from his magic hair ball. While the magic hairball might seem like a bit of joke, Huck having the courage to ask advice from what others might call a lower class person shows his trust and admiration of Jim. In fact, I would go as far as to say at this point in the text, Huckleberry has more respect and trust for Jim than his own father. This says a lot because Jim and colored people like him were widely considered inferior to their white counterparts. However, for theShow MoreRelatedThe Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain830 Words   |  3 PagesThe Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain is â€Å"A Great American Novel†, because of its complexity and richness. Twain writes d ialogue that brings his characters to life. He creates characters with unique voice and helps the reader connect to the book. Anyone who reads it is forced to develop feelings for each character. Even though there is a great amount of controversy over the use of some choices, such as the â€Å"n word†, it makes the book more realistic. In the beginning of the novel Huck,Read MoreThe Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn By Mark Twain1103 Words   |  5 PagesDmitri Van Duine Jr English Mr. Nelson November 27th The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn: Huck Finn and Tom Sawyer The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Written by Mark Twain filled his stories with many examples of satire as to convey a message while also writing an interesting story. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn revolves around the adventures of a young boy called Huckleberry Finn, who is about thirteen years old. Tom Sawyer is Huck’s best friend and around the same age as Huck. He is onlyRead MoreThe Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn By Mark Twain Essay1055 Words   |  5 PagesZambrano Mrs. Patmor AP Lit-Period 5 28 September 2016 Adventures of Huckleberry Finn 1835 Mark Twain embodies realism in almost every aspect of his writing not excluding The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, which in he portrays such a lifelike setting that it almost gives you this sense of reality through the point of view of a young man that has an urge for freedom yet struggles to conform to society s norms due to his adolescence. Twain s ability to unmask the true identities of the charactersRead MoreThe Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn By Mark Twain931 Words   |  4 PagesWolski Mrs. Goska English 2H Period 3 22 October 2014 The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Mob mentality is the way an individual’s decisions become influenced by the often unprincipled actions of a crowd. Mark Twain penned The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Twain grew up in America’s southern states during the early 1800’s, a time in which moral confusion erupted within the minds of humans. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn s protagonist is a young boy named Huck who freely travels alongRead MoreThe Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn By Mark Twain1375 Words   |  6 Pagesmention the years spent growing and maturing physically. Teenagers are stuck in an inbetween state where they must learn who they want to become and what they want to be when they grow older. The same is true for Huckleberry Finn, from the book â€Å"The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn† by Mark Twain. This is a book that was written in a time of great confusion over moral codes and standards. It was a world split in half by two different worlds of people; those who opposed, a nd those who promoted slavery.Read MoreThe Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn By Mark Twain2083 Words   |  9 PagesSatire in Huckleberry Finn In the novel â€Å"The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn† by Mark Twain, we are told a story about a young boy and his slave companion’s journey down the Mississippi River and all of their encounters with other characters. Twain constructed a beautiful narrative on how young Huck Finn, the protagonist in the story, learns about the world and from other adult characters, how he is shaped into his own person. At the time this book was made however, this novel provided serious socialRead MoreMark Twain and The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn1575 Words   |  6 Pages Mark Twain and The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Controversy Mark Twain, born Samuel Langhorne Clemens, is a highly recognizable figure in American literature. Born in Florida, Missouri Mark Twain and his family moved to Hannibal, Missouri where Twain discovered and fell in love with the mighty Mississippi River. The river and his life in Hannibal became his inspiration and guiding light in most of his writing. Although Twain loved the river and did a great deal of traveling, he eventuallyRead MoreThe Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn By Mark Twain1005 Words   |  5 Pages In the Adventures of Huckleberry Finn written by Mark Twain in the 19th century is about a young boy named Huck Finn and Jim, a runaway slave who go on an adventure. The two travel on a raft along the Mississippi river creating a bond and making memories. Mark Twain presents Huckleberry Finn as a dynamic character who at first views Jim as property and eventually considers Jim as a friend, showing a change in maturity. In the beginning of the book, Huck Finn clearly sees Jim as nothing more thanRead MoreThe Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn By Mark Twain1335 Words   |  6 Pagesyear The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is placed in the top ten banned books in America. People find the novel to be oppressing and racially insensitive due to its frequent use of the n-word and the portrayal of blacks as a Sambo caricature. However, this goes against Mark Twain’s intent of bringing awareness to the racism in America. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain is classified under the genre of satire and is narrated by a fictional character named Huckleberry Finn. The novelRead MoreThe Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn By Mark Twain810 Words   |  4 PagesBefore Mark Twain started to write two of his most famous novels, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Mark was known to use his characters to display his own thoughts and opinions. â€Å"This device allowed him to s ay just about anything he wanted, provided he could convincingly claim he was simply reporting what others had said.† (Twain, 1283). Mark Twain used this process to be a foundation of his lectures, by manipulating his popularly with his readers. During the story

Adavantages and Disadavantages of Being the Only Child Free Essays

Being an only child can be either good or bad, depending on how you perceive it and how you are brought up by your parents. The advantages could be that you get the undivided love and attention of your parents. They would dote on you more and provide for you more – in terms of getting you stuff, toys, etc. We will write a custom essay sample on Adavantages and Disadavantages of Being the Only Child or any similar topic only for you Order Now Obviously, being an only child means that your parents have only you to spend the money on and not have to share it among other siblings. So, you’d get more toys than normal, more money to spend than normal, more inheritance than normal, and of course more love from your parents than normal. So, in that sense, being the only child can be termed as a good thing. As far as disadvantages go, the â€Å"Little Emperor Syndrome† sums it up perfectly. For those unfamiliar with the term, â€Å"Little Emperor Syndrome† refers to the Chinese situation involving parents and their single child. Of course, all of you would be aware of China’s one-child policy. Little Emperor Syndrome is an unintended consequence of that policy. This is a situation in which the parents lavish their love, attention, resources on this one child of theirs, and as a result, the child becomes spoilt and, well, behaves like a â€Å"Little Emperor. This sort of excessive attention and care can prove detrimental in the long term for the child. The child gets used to having everything done, managed, taken care of – by their parents. When they have to live in the real world and face real problems, they might not be able to cope with it. They may lack self-confidence to go out in the world and get things done for themselves. They might feel lost outside of the cocoon that their parents created for them. Being an only child can also be very lonely. They would miss the fun of growing up with a brother or sister. An only child can also grow up to be a selfish adult, i. e. one who thinks primarily of his/her needs over the needs of others. They may also lack in the ability to empathize with others as much as children with siblings. Another potential disadvantage of being an only child could be the excess burden on your shoulders as regards taking care of your parents, for example. It can take an emotional toll on you, being the only child with all the responsibilities. My Experience of not Being the Only Child in my Family So, there are advantages and disadvantages to being an only child. However, how each child turns out – really depends on how the child has been brought up, among other factors. Personally, I always wished I was the only child in my family. Perhaps, its not a nice thing to say, but that’s how I feel! You know, the grass always seems greener on the other side. In my specific situation, the age gap between me and my brother was just 3 years, and therefore, there was a lot of rivalry and acrimony between us all through childhood – it affected me quite a bit, not the usual childhood fights, which you grow out of. Being the eldest in my family, I always felt that I was not treated fairly when it came to certain situations, especially conflict situations. I was always expected to be magnanimous and large-hearted and forgive and forget – whereas my younger brother was doted on and shielded. I still feel that to be the case to this day. We do get along much better now, but it isn’t your usual loving relationship – more formal than familial. My mom still dotes on my little brother to no end, which is good, but she doesn’t see me the same way, which is what I regret and bemoan. I’ve never quite understood this difference. At times, I think to myself that this is all my imagination – that I am just seeing things that aren’t there! That there is really no discrimination so to speak. But, then again, there is a difference, you know what I mean? Perhaps, a lot of you would have no clue about what I am talking about. Then again, there may be a lot of you who know exactly what I am talking about, so there you have it!! I am sure, there would be lots of single, lonely people out there, who were the only child in their families, who would have wished they had a brother or sister growing up. So, there are pros and cons to both! How to cite Adavantages and Disadavantages of Being the Only Child, Papers

Emergence Of The Management Control Systems -Myassignmenthelp.Com

Question: Discuss About The Emergence Of The Management Control Systems? Answer: Introducation Walmart stores online sales growth has contracted to 12 percent for the fiscal year 2016 subsequent to twenty-two growth recorded in fiscal year 2015. However, the ecommerce performance for Walmart remains impressive. A 14 to 15 billion dollar online Walmart business is more than respectable, particularly where it augments a brick-and-mortar business. The brick-and-mortar generates about 470 billion dollars in annual sales. Walmart stock market is unfriendly as the investors negates the long-run benefits if the organizations ecommerce investment. Due to underperforming and persistent loses, Walmart closed 269 stores globally alongside 154 stores in the United States. The company has reported worse sales in 35 years since 1980. The sales have dropped 0.70% in revenue to about 482.10 billion dollars due strong dollar that could have Walmart sales revenue increasing 2.8%. Walmarts ecommerce sales growth has slowed for 5 quarters in a row to 8% in final three months of fiscal 2016. The sales growth outlook has decreased to flat from three to four percent worse than expected impact from fluctuations in currency and revenue loss from stores closure. Walmart share has slid 3.10% to 64.09%. Walmarts retail sales market share has dropped 0.7% from 9.9% to 9.2% five years ago. Net sales went up 2.5% to 81.5 billion dollars and traffic improved by 0.7%. In the fourth quarter overal sales dropped 1.5% to 129.7 billion dollars which would surged 2.20% in absence of currency fluctuations. Walmarts net income for 3 months dropped 7.90% to 4.57 billion dollars. Sales in the UK fell 5.80% in most recent quarter six-times in a row drop. Walmart is reducing cost and investment 1.50 billion dollars over the 4 years. Walmart earned 446.980 billion dollars in profit in year 2014, a 6.0% surge in sales in year 2013 based on its financial statement (2011 to 2013). The most dividend surge was reported in 2015 February where 2.0% surge was approved by its Board of Directors equivalent to a surge of 0.49 cent a share. For the previous 5 years, Walmart US reported 328.70 billion dollar sales in top line revenue. Walmart is presently valued at 15.1 times forward earnings with real trade of 69.480 a share. Walmart has 11, 000 million stock authorized alongside 3780 million outstanding traded in stock exchange markets. The operating income of the Company surged to 32585 million dollars in 2014 from 28545 million dollars in 2012. Over the past three years, the revenue of Walmart has surged 39,736 dollars. The gross surge in revenue has been 9.10%. The Walmarts cost of sale surged from 304657 million dollars to 335127 million dollars. In 2014, Walmart recorded a 2.0% surge in assets over three years. Walmarts stock comprised 78% of total assets. Property and equipment stood at $170 indicating a good surge over past 3 years because of new retail stores being built. Walmart liquidity ratios as at Jan 31, 2015, Jan 31, 2014 and Jan 31, 2013; current ratio 0.970, 0.880 and 0.830. Walmarts quick ratio showed 0.24; 020; and 0.20 and cash ration showed 0.140; 0.10 and 0.110. These ration indicate good direction. Walmarts liquidity ratio preset ratio surged from 2013 to 2014 as well as from 2014 to 2015. The quick ratio dropped though improved from 2014 through 2015 exceeding 2013s ratio. Potential Problems Facing Walmart Walmart is facing stiff competition against Amazon in e-commerce while coping with the effect of the strong dollar as well as loss of share in the Walmarts United Kingdom stores. This has since the company report its 1st annual sale decline since at least year 1980. The revenue of Walmart declined by 0.7% to 482.10 billion dollars for the year. This was mainly triggered by the strong dollar, without the effect of which its sales would have surged 2.80%. The decline, the Walmarts worst in at least thirty-five years based the data from SP Capital IQ. This plunged came as the global hugest retailer stated that ecommerce sales growth slowed for fifth quarter in a row to 8% in the final 3 months of year. Walmart has blamed the Chinese, Brazilian and UK marketing deceleration. Amazon quarterly growth by contrast stood at 26% despite the Walmarts much huger base. The company has cut down its sales growth outlook for this fiscal year to flat from between three to four percent manifesting the Walmarts worse than anticipated influence from the fluctuations in currency as well as revenue loss from its closure of stores. The Amazon share slid 3.1% to 64.090% dollars. The firm is facing intensifying competition amid the fast shifts in the manner consumer undertake their shopping. The market share of Walmart has slipped to 9.2% from 9.9% five years ago. Walmart remains on the back foot based on rethinking its business model for this novel landscape. This has negatively impacted Walmart because the firm has not played far harder in online space and hence it cannot retain its retail crown in the long run. The stiff competition has turned Walmart American stores unattractive and unappealing to shoppers. This is the competition come in all types and from all angles including online or discount stores such as Dollar General as well as Kroger, higher end store (Merchant Van, 2012). This has seen Walmarts sales figure blunt by deflation in some groceries, like meat and the impact from lower petrol process. This has seen Walmart spent a lot of money to compete with Amazon online and integrate ecommerce into its stores, like Walmarts mobile pay app as well as click-and-collect pick-up service. The company is also using a lot of cash to expand its online grocery service to additional parts of the United States. The organization is facing what is described as a perfect storm in regards to its top-line growth which has hurt its sales substantially. The Walmarts core customer are really struggling with flat levels of income. The saving from lower prices of fuels are never translating into increased retail expenditure (Davila, 2005). The business is trapped under intense pressure from deflation in core product categories including food alongside the impacts of strong overseas dollars. This is occasioned with the inability of lower-to-middle-income consumers health to improve leaving Walmart to face a prolonged macroeconomic headwinds in the United States. Action Control The company focuses it action control on 4 vast areas including company asset, information and reputation; operational planning, sales and customers; and regulation and laws. Walmart undertakes to acknowledge each regulatory requirement initially and highlight them precisely. The firm ensures strict adherence to the requirement compliance. Walmart puts a mandatory approval for each stakeholder who wants to trade in its shares as an evidence of strict compliance with Company Act and US SEC rules. All Walmart operational procedures follows detailed pre-action reviews while all its financial objectives, key corporate actions as well as capital spending must be reviewed and subsequent approved by Walmart board prior to execution (Schaeck Cihk, 2014). Walmart mandates the Board Committee to acknowledge both actions as desirable or undesirable to come up with reinforcement as well as rules for such classified actions. Walmarts staff and directors must read, consent and sign significant documents including Code of Conduct. Walmart seeks to establish a culture of customer-friendly and further successful application of action accounting to this culture. Walmart has barred its staff from drinking alcohol at workplace. The company has documented and disseminated precise and straightforward instructions on delivery time, price display as well as store pick up time. The firm strictly follow its employees to ensure strict adherence to such instructions while keeping their unquestionable and unwavering promises to both potential and existing customer-based. The personal information regarding clients are never used outside the firm and only serves the intended purpose and those employees that violates such instructions must show cause. No asset and services of Walmart are allowed to be used by employees for their self-interest. All employees and executive are prohibited from conflict of interest and commercial interest in Walmart rivals must be disclosed promptly (Korhonen, Laine Martinsuo, 2014). The confidentiality of Walmart is of paramount among the employees. An employee of Walmart must receive an advanced approval in order to receive any form of loan, gift or substantial benefit in the company. Walmarts part-time staff must never engage in any form of conflict of interest while working in the company and always ensure that solely the objective and strategic goals of the organization flourish. Action Control Side Effect The Action Control of Walmart has captured a huge scope of its business hence filling the disparities in other firms controls. Walmart has precisely defined its desired actions in various operational aspects including delivery time, stock pick time and requirements for disclosure. The firms often undertake effective review of the staff behavior and conduct against the signed Code of Conduct and promises made to customers as well as confidentially and disclosure requirements in terms of conflict of interests. Nevertheless, Walmart still exercise relative loose action controls on the general conduct and behavior of employees and this sometimes stretches to customers services rather than increasing dependence being put on both cultural and personal controls (Fiordelisi Mare, 2014). Walmart exercise stronger action controls in regards to legal requirements as well as information, reputation, and resources of Walmart apart from particular invisible stock controls. References Davila, T. (2005). An exploratory study on the emergence of management control systems: formalizing human resources in small growing firms. Accounting, Organizations and Society, 30(3), 223-248. Fiordelisi, F., Mare, D. S. (2014). Competition and financial stability in European cooperative banks. Journal of International Money and Finance, 45, 1-16. Korhonen, T., Laine, T., Martinsuo, M. (2014). Management control of project portfolio uncertainty: A managerial role perspective. Project Management Journal, 45(1), 21-37. Merchant, K.A. Van der Stede, W.A. (2012) Management Control Systems, 3rd edition, Prentice-Hall. Schaeck, K., Cihk, M. (2014). Competition, efficiency, and stability in banking. Financial accounting, 43(1), 215-241.

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